Best Seizure Medication for Dogs

Over-the-Counter Medication for Canine Epilepsy

After your pet has suffered from convulsions, your vet will make a thorough examination by taking blood samples, blood serum profile, and perhaps even a urinalysis. These tests will aid in determining the benefactor of the event, thus providing a clear view as to which treatments should be undergone. If their epileptic activity is habitual and recurrent, hospitalization of the animal may be inevitable. Treatments will involve intravenous anti-convulsants like diazepam or valium in order to control the episodes. Once under control, daily medication will be prescribed for as long as the physician sees fit.

One of the cheapest and most effective anti-convulsants for dogs is Phenobarbital. This drug is overall safe and can be easily tolerated. There are few that will experience a sedative effect until their body adjusts to the medication; this may take up to two weeks. Phenobarbital is given twice a day in 12 hour intervals: it is important to give the medication at the same time each day. Be aware that Phenobarbital can cause liver problems if the use is prolonged; however, it has been known to control around 80% of seizures.

Another anti-convulsant is potassium bromide (KBr) which vets have been using for the past 10 years to control seizures in dogs. At time it is used in conjunction with Phenobarbital and it is 75% effective for fits which cannot be controlled by Phenobarbital alone. KBr is to be given once a day usually at night and causes no liver problems. So if you pet has suffered a seizure, be sure you know what to do and get to the vet as soon as possible so your companion will be put on the right kind of medication promptly.

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Toy Dog Breeds with Syringomyelia

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a small sized spaniel that is often called a “toy” breed. They are a highly popular breed in the United States and the United Kingdom. With its glossy smooth coat and a tail that is not bobbed, the breed comes in four colors: Blenheim, Black & Tan, Ruby and Tricolor: which is black, white, and tan. The King Charles was bred with a parent breed that has a flat nose which was a drastic change to its counterpart. Connoisseurs of this pup tried to take the animal back to its origins but were unable to do so successfully.

Unfortunately, this breed suffers from a series of genetic health issues. The most notable of these genetic health issues is mitral valve disease. This affliction can cause the victim to experience heart failure. Most Cavaliers will acquire this disease during some point in their life, as this is their most frequent reason for death.

Adding to their list of hereditary malignancies is Syringomyelia: a genetic issue that affects both the spine and the Spaniel Breed with Epilepsy brain. Said condition can have varying symptoms that range in severity; such as, Partial Paralysis, Severe Pain, and Mild Discomfort. The cause for this issue is the malformation of the lower, back half of the skull; this is called a Chiari Malformation. This occurrence reduces the available room suited for the brain, squeezing it and forcing it through the cavity and into the spinal cord. The blockage of cerebral fluid around the spine and the brain makes the internal blood pressure of the animal rise; in turn, creating fluid pockets within the spinal cord.

With more than 90% of Spaniels incurring said condition, the symptoms for this disease usually show up between six months and four years old. The signs present themselves as frequent scratching of the neck or shoulders on one side of the body and sensitivity in the shoulders, neck and head. A dog that appears to be clumsy or falls down, may also be afflicted by this disease. The pet could also be suffering from primary secretory otitis media or PSOM. The common name for this condition is glue ear. Episodic falling syndrome can also have the same manifestations’ proper diagnoses requires an MRI.

Cavaliers can also be affected by attacks on the central nervous system, which includes the spinal cord, brain, pituitary gland, raquideous bulb, and the cerebellum. Dogs suffering from health problems that affect the spinal cord, namely syringomyelia, will have complications with its reflex actions. The pet may have problems with twitching its ears, blinking its eyes and so on. These occurrences may resemble an epileptic episode.

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel can also be plagued by ear problems and ocular complications. Adding to the list, this breed often suffers from Hip Dysplasia and Luxating Patella. These progressive defects may not be present at birth but will develop as the pet ages. Diagnosed via x-ray, genetic defects of the knee and femur are also known to occur.

History of the Cavalier Spaniel

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel BreedThe initial listing of a Cavalier residing in the U.S. was in 1952. The Cavalier King Charles Club in the U.S. was founded by Sally Lyon Brown and Elizabeth Spalding. The American Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Club was founded by a group of people so they could gain recognition by the American Kennel Club. The breed became recognized in 1995 and the initial club became the club of the Cavaliers.

These dogs are among the most popular breeds in the United States: ranked 25th most popular among canines. They are playful, affectionate, eager to please, and patient; they are a great addition to families with children and other pets.

Epilepsy in Dogs | Canine Neurological Diseases

Among the most common canine neurological diseases is Epilepsy, which affects up to 5% of all dogs through trauma or inheritance. Those that have inherited such convulsive fits, have “idiopathic” or primary convulsions. This means that these animals have inherited a mutated gene from one or both of their parents.

a Small Dog with Epilepsy

The Miniature Wirehaired Dachshund

In contrast, secondary canine epilepsy results from an unidentifiable cause like a brain tumor or nerve damage. Seizures in Dogs with inherited epilepsy, usually begin between ages of 1 and 3. Through several years of research, inherited epilepsy has been shown to possibly be the byproduct of a recessive gene, since the pup’s parents usually don’t exhibit similar symptoms. It may also be that the gene is sex-linked; it is found that male dogs inherit convulsions far more frequently than females. According to a specific study, it was found that a certain mutated gene causes a kind of canine epilepsy known as EPM2. This usually occurs in Miniature, Wirehaired Dachshunds and is known to be related to a human form of seizures known as Lafora Disease.

Keep in mind that an epileptic animal can still be a wonderful pet. It is up to you to make sure they live a normal, happy life. Be prepared for seizures to occur and always have your vet’s number handy. Make sure you know how to help your pup in the event of a fit and if they fall unconscious, know how to transport them to a vet safely. If any unforeseen episodes occur, do not discontinue your dog’s anti-epileptic medication without consulting your vet. Follow all procedures and prescriptions so you and your epileptic dog can live together for a long time; all it takes is a great deal of love and understanding.

Is My Pug in the Postictal Phase?

Why Do Dogs Have Seizures?

Watching a seizure in your beloved pet can be a terrifying experience. Helpless to stop the seizure or your beloved’s obvious distress, owners can only make sure they do not harm themselves or anything around them.

Many pets can feel a seizure coming on and may react with agitation or even hide from the owner. Many will lose control of their bladder, salivate excessively, and act disoriented. In some instances, the animal will seek out their owner’s comfort immediately before the fit.

It is important to take some notes during the contortions for your Veterinarian; such details should be included: start time, end time, and specificities. Such clues will aid your Veterinarian in diagnosing your companion’s affliction. Many future episodes can be controlled with medication; victims often go on to live long, healthy lives in spite of their disorder.

The PostIctal PhasePug in the Grass

After your Pug has had a seizure he will go into a Postictal Phase, also known as the recovery period. Your pet will be in an altered state of consciousness during this phase so give him plenty of space during his recovery. This period can last from a few minutes to a few days, with the average being a few hours. Every animal and every seizure will be different, so keep this in mind after the convulsions.


It is normal for disorientation to occur during the postictal or recovery period. Your buddy won’t remember the seizure itself but it will take a while for him to realize what reality is again. He may be slightly aggressive, as his disorientation to his surroundings can be frightening to him. Speak softly to him and assure he will be okay. If he wants to rest, allow him to sleep but do check on him frequently.


Your Pug will be confused as he recovers; he may not immediately recognize his surroundings or family. Be gentle and reassuring to him as he makes this transition back to reality. Remember that this could last a few days; Each seizure is different and has a different recovery period so don’t expect every instance to be the same length of time. Keep his favorite toys handy though, as they may be comforting during this process.

Excessive Salivation

Many dogs will pant for a short time after a fit; this can cause excessive salivation or drooling.

Temporary Blindness

Many pets will appear to be temporarily blind after an epileptic attack; no need to worry, this condition is usually temporary and will pass just as the lethargy and disorientation does. You’re Pug’s body has been through a traumatic event and it takes time to recover from such a manifestation. As his body returns to normal, so will his vision.

Evaluating your pet’s condition is important to rehabilitation. Forcing him to move or relocate will only prolong this unnerving process. Relax, take comfort in the fact your buddy is still around for tomorrow.

Notably, a visit to the Veterinarian is aways necessary after an attack. If your pet has frequent seizures, your Vet may not require you to bring him in; he may just make a few questions required for medical files.

Always consider your Veterinarian’s opinion regarding your dog’s Health and Safety.

Pug Dog Breed

Neurological Disorders in Dogs

What is Horner’s syndrome?

If your pet is acting strange, he is bound to create some apprehension for you. Sometimes, behavioral problems can be attributed to neurological disorders. If you think he is slow to respond, or there are signs of declining abilities, have him examined for certain neurological mishaps. There are many different forms of said hardships; such as congenital, age related, disorientation, and those which stem from severe trauma. To pinpoint the underlying cause, contact your pup’s physician. These expressions can be exhibited varyingly, depending on the specific condition, years of maturity, breed, weight, and gender.

Horner’s Syndrome is when specific sets of facial muscles lose their stimulation by nerves, specifically the sympathetic nerves, ’tis generally caused by an injury to the face, brain, spinal cord, or even a derivative of cancer. Such a syndrome is more common in Golden Retrievers. The most frequent signs include smaller pupil size, drooping of the upper eyelid, sunken appearance, and dilation of the blood vessels on that side of the jaw. Treatment usually exists as eye drops called Phenylephrine, which are administered by a guardian or doctor.

What is Myasthenia Gravis?

This is a neuromuscular condition that is characterized by weakness of the fast-twitch fibers, resulting when muscle impulses from the nerves are not acting accordingly. Normally, a chemical called acetylcholine acts as the neurotransmitter and helps facilitate impulsions, problems can arise when the acetylcholine receptors decrease in number. This can be genetic or acquired; breeds such as several types of terrier and springer spaniels are more susceptible via birth. When this disease is acquired by older dogs, it is believed to be an autoimmune condition. Megaesophagus, which is the enlargement of the esophagus, is one of the earliest signs of this horrible affliction.

What is Parkinson’s Disease?

Canine Parkinson’s is more common in humans than canines; regardless, it is believed to result from mutations in the parkin proteins. This disease is believed to be genetic, and generally inflicts its victims early on. Those experiencing this disorientation are likely to have difficulty with balance and movement. Other indications are jerking, stiffness, shaking, and diminishing alertness.

These are only some of the neurological disorders that can affect dogs. Every owner must be aware of such debilitations, it could save your companion’s life.

Which Dog Breeds are Prone to Epilepsy?

Are Certain Dogs Born with Epilepsy?

Choosing a canine can be a hard process, especially when taking into account the Postictal Bullmastiff medical issues that can occur within many breeds. For example, Rottweiler, Bullmastiff, and German Shepherds are all prone to epilepsy.

There are two classifications of this disease: Idiopathic and Acquired, these can be catagorized into four types of seizures. Such episodes are dependent on many factors such as: age, general wellness, and parental history. German Shepherds have an inherited link to contortions that potential owners should be aware of. Others with this inheritance include: Beagles, Dachshunds, and Belgian Tervurens. Special care, such as knowing the signs and symptoms, should be practiced daily to insure a healthy lifespan.

Working and Hunting classes are breeds that require a lot of energy expansion. This amount of energy can cause the blood sugar levels in the body to lower, in turn causing an attack. Such pedigrees include: Cocker Spaniel, Golden Retriever, Collie, Miniature Schnauzer, Labrador Retriever, Irish Setter, Wire Fox Terrier, St. Bernard, Malamute and Siberian Huskie.

Is There A Cure For Idiopathic Seizures?

Since these canine are more prone to convulsions, be sure to allot plenty of time for rest periods, water, supplementation, and adequate nutrition. Although not as common, many puppies are diagnosed with idiopathic seizures every year. Avoid rough-housing with your pup, as head injuries can bring about a fit. Also, deter from socializing at too young of an age, for they can be very susceptible to viruses that yield traumatic episodes.

Once a pet acquires this condition, they are plagued for life; the younger the age, the worse its progression will be. Treatment often involves a myriad of medications that solely reduce the number of occurrences; sadly, a cure has yet been found.

Lethargic Rottweiler If you suspect your canine has these issues, here are the stages; first, they may have a change in mental status. For example, your sweet tempered Rottweiler may turn irritable and uneasy a week or two before the event. Progressing, there may be an “onset” that he experiences that alert you the trauma is imminent. If they hide from you or appear frightened, he will shortly become stiff and convulse. Please take note during the rant, you must provide grave details to the veterinarian. Lastly is a recovery phase which can last up to a day; lethargy, confusion, drool, and deep sleep will all occur.

If My Puppy Has a Fit

Best Seizure Medication for Dogs

It’s something no pet owner ever wants to see; your puppy becomes restless, agitated, clingy, and even lethargic. Next thing you know, you’re in the middle of a nightmare; he collapses, is unconscious and his legs become rigid. Two desperate minutes of this, and then your little guy recovers, or seems to. He gets up, but he is clearly dazed and disoriented. You may think he has been blinded, as he is walking into walls. This recovery period may last minutes, or it may go on for hours.

Your puppy has had a seizure, and it may very well be epilepsy. What do you do? Thank your lucky stars that little Rex or Lady has recovered? Plan to visit the vet next week, and if you remember, ask what happened? Check out the internet, and make decisions based on Wikipedia? Those are short-sighted actions, this is serious business.

What is Phenobarbital?

Bottle of Phenobarbital

Try SeizureGuard PLUS before you Try Phenobarbital

As a responsible pet owner, of course, you’d run straight to a physician. Go right ahead  and you’ll incur staggering bills; with tests, overnight stays, medications, and much more. It’s most likely that the vet will put your dog, even a puppy, on Phenobarbital, a serious drug with well-known side effects, responsible for many fatal overdoses among humans as well as canines. It’s possible that your companion may have to remain on that drug for the rest of his or her life, as epilepsy is incurable. While no one knows exactly what triggers these episodes, it’s an established fact that they are on the rise worldwide, with certain breeds, such as Shih Tzus, considered especially vulnerable to the disease.

Thankfully, now there is a way to prevent “fits” before they happen again. Years of research and development have led to SeizureGuard PLUS, a new product designed to supplement western medications. This supplement is made from natural ingredients like seaweed kelp, peony, and milk thistle. Enzymes like protease and amylase are present to help build strong tissues and restore ailing or damaged immune systems. The enzyme papin, derived from the papaya fruit, helps stabilize the digestive system and reduce fevers. Omega-3 fatty acids promote heart health and improve circulation; this treatment also contains cellulase for healthy liver function and normal blood circulation. Best of all, this product is easy to use; just open the jar, sprinkle a little on retail food, and that’s it!

-No messy liquids, bulky pills, or painful shots that waste time and cause problems for you and your pet.-

A word of caution: please don’t confuse Seizure Guard Plus with a similarly-named product available in big-box stores. That product, from a nationally-known maker of inexpensive pet accessories, has been known to cause bad reactions, and even death, in several dogs. SeizureGuard PLUS from is the only safe, effective, preventive on the market for canine epilepsy. Make sure you buy the big blue jar that bears the “Evolution” name! A great vendor, with high rapport from evolutionsupply, can be found at


Limit Your Beagle’s Seizures

What Happens in a Seizure?

Canine epilepsy affects many dogs; however, beagles are particularly prone to this affliction. Epilepsy in and of itself is defined as repetitive convulsions over time. When they occur they can be quite frightening, most owners do not wish to see their loved ones inflicted by this predicament. These events stem from such occurrences as brain injuries, liver failure, and even heredity.

A fit is often described as a brainstorm, albeit not the kind we are normally used to. Firinga puppy may go into hiding or become abnormally anxious of the nerve endings in one general is called a focal seizure. They normally occur when there is cranial damage; by definition, they’re categorized in two ways: simple and complex. A very common example of a simple attack is where the facial muscles begin to twitch rapidly, often occurring when the Beagle is awake causing distress and confusion.

Generalized Convulsions

Generalized convulsions are categorized in two ways: Grand Mal and Petite Mal. Grand Mal episodes are what people normally envision when they think of such trauma; a person or pup will become unconscious and begin to twitch, generally their entire body goes stiff. A canine may become incontinent and excrete fecal matter or urine. During the time frame, he may howl as if in pain or bark repeatedly. After this, another phase wherein the dog may clench its’ jaws and/or move its’ hind legs will last about 30 seconds. In some occurrences, he will show obvious foreshadowing; this is called an “aura”. Immediately before the act, a puppy may go into hiding or become abnormally anxious. After, they will be plagued with extreme exhaustion.

How to Limit Epileptic Activity

Conniption Fits can shorten life span significantly; therefore, it is essential for your pooch’s safety that you find a way to limit or eliminate these acts. Herbs, supplements, and exercise can drastically reduce these occurrences and even end them permanently.

Omega-3 fatty acids are one of the most counteractive supplements you can provide. This essential fat actually balances body electricity and helps to soothe the brainstem. Studies show EFAs fortify the brain’s structural properties of the neuronal membrane; one of the best sources of this nutrient is LifeSpan Salmon Oil.

A strong immune system is key to the struggle against epilepsy, SeizureGuard PLUS SeizureGuard PLUS from Evolutionsupply.comhelps to stimulate immune response. At times, animals are induced when they lack proper amounts of vitamins. B vitamins are essential and if you can, give a taurine supplement to help with contortions. Oftentimes, an “elimination diet” is a necessary measure in diagnosing the underpinning cause, since allergies are often the root problem. Always use clean, purified, water with no chlorine or fluoride. Don’t use anything in your home like contaminates, fresheners, or detergents that may poison the air, as these can actually trigger an event.

Applying ice to the mid section of Beagle’s back may shorten the traumatic process. By applying the aforementioned techniques and supplements, you can significantly reduce your dog’s propensity for seizures. If you are looking online for the above mentioned additives, click here for the most advanced Epilepsy treatments on the market.

Dogs Cannot Swallow Their Own Tongues

Will My Bulldog Swallow His Tongue?

If your companion experiences convulsions or tremors, you may fear he is suffering suffocation from swallowing its tongue. While epilepsy may be frightening, their anatomy does not allow ingestion of the tongue. On occasion, he may bite it during an attack; the real danger, is the sharp objects and the environment around them when the episode occurs.

A fit in an animal results from an uncontrolled electric discharge in the brain. There can be many causes, but they are not all tied to congenital epilepsy.

Some may believe that you need to pry open the canine’s mouth to keep alleviate tongue suffocation; however, this is neither necessary nor advisable. It can result in physical harm to both owner and pet, as they are subject to uncontrollable movements, and trying to open a their mouth in any way can result in serious injury to the owner from a bite.

Normally, handling a pooch during a fit would be malicious but this is a must if the event Dogs Cannot Swallow Their Tongueoccurs in an unsafe place. Make sure they have plenty of room to contort and if applicable, place a pillow under your beloved one’s head for comfort.


After the experience, again, don’t try to pry open the mouth. Allow him to recover in a quiet and darkened room, and consult with your veterinarian for guidance. Most occurrences last only a matter of minutes, but if it is longer than five minutes, then it might be necessary to seek a veterinarian immediately. Additionally, if more than three occur within a 24 hour period, the proper procedure would be to bring him to the vet.

During and after, don’t make any loud noises that might disturb the pet, and if the dog is prone, try to keep a calm atmosphere in the home, devoid of loud nuisances.

Other than that, it is best to let a short attack run its course, and consult with your veterinarian afterwards for guidance. Remember, Canine’s Will Not Swallow Tongue 

Canine Brain Tumors

Cause of Tumors in Canines

Brain tumors are surprisingly more common in canines than any other animal. In younger victims, extreme distress and worry plagues the owner. While cancer of the brain is definitely upsetting and agonizing, there are many things that can be done to help them cope and live a normal life. It is essential however, for all owners to have knowledge of tumor activity, to keep a look out for symptoms, and to know the methods for detection. Since the afflicted can have a growth and not show any signs, it is important to get dogs checked up with a CAT scan at least once a year.

What is a Brain Tumor?

Abnormal and uncontrolled cell division of the cranial cells occurring in the nerves is known as a brain protuberance; varying as malignant and benign. Whether the lesion is cancerous or not, it takes up space within the brain, preventing and hindering normalCerebral Dog Tumor brain function. A carcinoma grows in a particular part of the head and therefore damages nerves and tissue, causing different problems to the canine experiencing the expansion. They grow at varying speeds; some in a tiny amount with time and thus do not affect the victim too much, agony is experienced when pressure arrises against the skull. According to recent world health statistics, there are over 120 sarcomas and each one has particular effects. Generally, the affliction of cranial lining includes pituitary adenoma, choroid plexus papilloma, meningioma, glioma, adenocarcinoma and a few other forms. If left untreated, malignant cysts in other parts of the body also create a secondary instance which reaches the cerebellum. Usually these are melanoma, hemangiosarcoma and mammary carcinoma.

The cause of these deadly occurrences are still unclear, more accepted antecedents are:

Genetic Syndromes and Disorders

Just like humans, our counterparts also have DNA; each strand contains genes and chromosomes that they inherit from their parents. Genes are responsible for a number of functions, one of the primary ones being making the body carry out its daily functions, including cell growth. Sometimes the genetic material can undergo a change or mutation many years after birth, and can cause abnormal growth in encephalon cells, resulting in a mutation or an abnormal, extra, chromosome.

Radiation Exposure

Low levels of radiation are present in our environment at all times, from the soil to rocks to bricks to cell phones, all have a certain level of radiation they emit. Radiation is considered to be the leading cause of gene mutation. If your dog has been exposed to any kind of radiation, make sure they see a physician as soon as possible.

Immunological Factors and Head Injuries

Studies today show that gliomas, a type of cranial neoplasm, occurs less in pup’s with strong immune systems. There are many vaccines, boosters and supplements that assist in stimulating immune response. Serious head injuries, are also linked to the many causes head lesions. The injury has to be severe enough to damage the cortex, causing mental instability.


Defoliants have been linked to many types of cancers over the last two years. Since pets are closer to the ground, they are more likely to be affected by pesticide use. Studies show that people living closer to agricultural areas and in communities where DDT use is common and unregulated, are more likely to have diseased companions.

Furthermore, keeping your loved one away from processed meats will aid in the avoidance of Nitrosamines, a byproduct linked to abnormal mentality.

Does My Dog Have a Tumor?

Canine Brain Tumors react differently, these are some obvious implications:

• Aggressive and unusual behavior
• Abnormal reflexes, especially of the eyes
• Circling
• Head rotation
• Blindness
• Bad Coordination
• Depression
• Lethargy
• Weakness
• Nose bleeds
• Sneezing
Breathing difficulties
Excessive panting
• Anxiousness
• Irritability

Treating Brain Damage Canine Brain Damage

Discovering an abnormal growth in your pet is definitely cause for alarm but no matter what stage, there is always something a vet can suggest to help your pooch cope. If detected early on, it can actually be removed through surgery and further eliminated through chemotherapy and medication. Vets can also suggest pain killers for canines, to slow down malicious activity. Since brain functionality is altered, animals will often experience seizures and discomfort; owners have to be extra patient, loving, and understanding, towards their beloved friend.