Neurological Disorders in Dogs

What is Horner’s syndrome?

If your pet is acting strange, he is bound to create some apprehension for you. Sometimes, behavioral problems can be attributed to neurological disorders. If you think he is slow to respond, or there are signs of declining abilities, have him examined for certain neurological mishaps. There are many different forms of said hardships; such as congenital, age related, disorientation, and those which stem from severe trauma. To pinpoint the underlying cause, contact your pup’s physician. These expressions can be exhibited varyingly, depending on the specific condition, years of maturity, breed, weight, and gender.

Horner’s Syndrome is when specific sets of facial muscles lose their stimulation by nerves, specifically the sympathetic nerves, ’tis generally caused by an injury to the face, brain, spinal cord, or even a derivative of cancer. Such a syndrome is more common in Golden Retrievers. The most frequent signs include smaller pupil size, drooping of the upper eyelid, sunken appearance, and dilation of the blood vessels on that side of the jaw. Treatment usually exists as eye drops called Phenylephrine, which are administered by a guardian or doctor.

What is Myasthenia Gravis?

This is a neuromuscular condition that is characterized by weakness of the fast-twitch fibers, resulting when muscle impulses from the nerves are not acting accordingly. Normally, a chemical called acetylcholine acts as the neurotransmitter and helps facilitate impulsions, problems can arise when the acetylcholine receptors decrease in number. This can be genetic or acquired; breeds such as several types of terrier and springer spaniels are more susceptible via birth. When this disease is acquired by older dogs, it is believed to be an autoimmune condition. Megaesophagus, which is the enlargement of the esophagus, is one of the earliest signs of this horrible affliction.

What is Parkinson’s Disease?

Canine Parkinson’s is more common in humans than canines; regardless, it is believed to result from mutations in the parkin proteins. This disease is believed to be genetic, and generally inflicts its victims early on. Those experiencing this disorientation are likely to have difficulty with balance and movement. Other indications are jerking, stiffness, shaking, and diminishing alertness.

These are only some of the neurological disorders that can affect dogs. Every owner must be aware of such debilitations, it could save your companion’s life.